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As far as we know, only Sweden, Finland, Slovakia and possibly Hungary were already AIHTS compliant as of July 2016. For more information about the United Kingdom, see the next section. Although welfare may be very different, the term `humane` is only used for fishing methods that will maintain the welfare of the animals concerned at a sufficient level, although it is recognised that, in some situations, the traps to be killed will be in a short period of time during which welfare may be poor. The AIHTS process began in 1997 but did not enter into force until July 2008. The parties then had until 2013 to certify the traps and until July 2016. Initially, it seemed that the EU was going to succeed with a directive on this subject, but in 2012 it decided not to do so and implementation was left to the discretion of each member state. The principle for deciding that a fishing method is humane is that it meets the thresholds set out in Sections 2 and 3. The AIHTS is binding on all EU member states and Defra has indicated that the UK will cling to it even after Brexit. Morally, an obligation to raise standards of humanity in wildlife management is undeniable, provided it does not render management inefficient or prohibitively costly. A number of animal species in the UK will be better protected from today when new international rules on humane trapping standards come into force.

A few years after the start of the ISO-TC process, the Council of the European Union adopted in 1991 Regulation (EC) No 3254/91 on “leghold traps”, which prohibits the use in the Community of leghold traps and the import into the Community of furs and finished products of certain wild species originating in countries that catch them by leghold traps or fishing methods that do not comply with international humane trapping standards. .