Academic staff achieve a higher degree by successfully applying for a vacancy at a higher level. Vacancies are tendered and internal and external candidates can apply. However, an organization may also support an independent officer of vacant positions. In addition, the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) compiles an annual personal record that provides detailed information on university staff in the four Uk countries. It includes the number of employees and characteristics such as ethnicity and nationality; Employment contracts and conditions of employment; and staff working in different academic disciplines. The 2016/17 staff record is available on the HESA website. According to the Association of University and College Employees (UCEA), the 2018 median gave full-time university staff an annual salary of $51,043 (EUR 57,291.81). The salary premium for higher education teachers compared to other teaching professions has increased over the past decade, with secondary teachers earning 75% of their median income, up from 89% in 2002. Wage structures and certain terms of employment are negotiated through the new Joint University Staff Bargaining Committee (New JNCHES) for all higher education staff in the UK, on the basis of several employers. Employers of higher education institutions are represented by the Association of Universities and Higher Education Institutions (UCEA). The new JNCHES covers all higher education staff, not just those with academic functions; Within this structure, the University and the College (UCU) represent the university staff: teacher, researcher and scientific staff. For post-1992 institutions (which were created under this Act), working time and leave for university staff are the subject of national negotiations (see introduction to this article), but are not subject to any state regulation. The nationally agreed employment contract sets a maximum teaching burden of 550 hours per year and 18 hours per week, although this does not apply when the type of program and teaching style make it inappropriate, such as art, design and the performing arts.
This maximum teaching load requires 36 weeks of courses and two weeks to complete administrative tasks each year. In addition to teaching and administrative tasks, academic staff are responsible for teaching and administration, as well as tutorials, research and other forms of scientific activity, evaluation and development of curricula. The various staff tasks are agreed with the head of department and regularly reviewed as part of the staff evaluation process. Many pre-1992 institutions (i.e. those that were chartered or admitted prior to the 1992 Further and Higher Education Act) have not set contractual teaching hours for their academic staff, which were traditionally expected to focus on research. Common contractual agreements in higher education range from indeterminate or permanent full-time work to hourly or temporary employment. Industry experts should be aware of the suitability of each type of contract to different employment situations. Conditions of employment should be clarified in the treaty, including provisions relating to normal academic activities such as sabbaticals, external work, teaching and intellectual property development.